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Overview

The United Kingdom, a leading trading powerand financial center, is the third largest economy in Europe after Germany andFrance. Over the past two decades, the government has greatly reduced publicownership. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient byEuropean standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of thelabour force. The United Kingdom has large coal, natural gas, and oilresources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining and the UnitedKingdom became a net importer of energy in 2005. Services, particularlybanking, insurance, and business services, are key drivers of British GDPgrowth. Manufacturing, meanwhile, has declined in importance but still accountsfor about 10% of economic output. After emerging from recession in 1992, Britain’seconomy enjoyed the longest period of expansion on record during which timegrowth outpaced most of Western Europe

英國是世界主要貿易大國和金融中心,是德國和法國在歐洲第三大經濟體。在過去的二十年裏,政府已經大大減少了公有制。農業高度機械化,高于歐洲標準,高效生產大約60%的食品和減少浪費2%的勞動力。英國擁有大量的煤、天然氣和石油資源,但它的石油和天然氣儲備逐年下降。英國的服務業,尤其是銀行、保險等商業服務,成為了英國國內生產總值(GDP)增長的主要推動力。與此同時,制造業的重要性有所下降,但仍占經濟產出的10%。