Overview

New Zealand is a small open economy.Following a comprehensive reform programme that began in the mid-1980s, thegovernment has transformed New Zealand from an agrarian economy dependent onconcessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free marketeconomy that can compete internationally. The production base has diversifiedto include a range of elaborately transformed manufactures, while maintaining alarge agriculture sector, which accounts for 70% of exports. Services accountfor over two thirds of New Zealand’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), whilemanufacturing accounts for 12%. In 2012, New Zealand’s main merchandise exportmarkets were Australia (21.4%), China (14.9%), and the United States (9.2%).New Zealand’s main sources of merchandise imports were China (16.3%), Australia(15.3%), and the United States (9.2%).

新西蘭是壹個小型開放經濟體。全面的改革計劃,始於1980年代中期,政府改變了新西蘭的農業經濟依賴。改變后,其生產基地擁有多樣化,包括壹系列精心改造生產,同時維持了龐大的農業出口,占總出口的70%,超過三分之二的新西蘭的實際國內生產總值(GDP),而制造業占12%。2012年,新西蘭的主要商品出口市場是澳大利亞(21.4%)、中國(14.9%)和美國(9.2%)。新西蘭的商品進口的主要來源是中國(16.3%)、澳大利亞(15.3%)和美國(9.2%)。


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