留学费用自助查詢 / QUERY
意向國家
申請專業
SAT/GPA
雅思/託福
自查號碼
*
验证码
换一张
*


Overview
Malaysia, a middle-income country, has transformed itself since the 1970s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020 and to move further up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in Islamic finance, high technology industries, biotechnology, and services. The government’s Economic Transformation Program (ETP) is a series of projects and policy measures intended to accelerate the country’s economic growth. The government has also taken steps to liberalize some services sub-sectors. The administration also is continuing efforts to boost domestic demand and reduce the economy’s dependence on exports. Nevertheless, exports – particularly of electronics, oil and gas, palm oil and rubber – remain a significant driver of the economy. As an oil and gas exporter, Malaysia has profited from higher world energy prices, although the rising cost of domestic gasoline and diesel fuel, combined with strained government finances, has forced Kuala Lumpur to begin to reduce government subsidies. The government is also trying to lessen its dependence on state oil producer Petronas. The oil and gas sector supplies about 35% of government revenue in 2011. Bank Negera Malaysia (central bank) maintains healthy foreign exchange reserves, and a well-developed regulatory regime has limited Malaysia’s exposure to riskier financial instruments and the global financial crisis.

馬來西亞,壹個發展中國家。自1970年代以來已經轉變了從原材料的生產者進入壹個新興的多經濟發展體。馬來西亞是試圖在2020年前實現高收入的地位和進壹步的增值在伊斯蘭金融產業鏈。吸引投資者關注高技術產業,生物技術的服務。政府的經濟改革計劃(ETP)是壹系列的項目和政策措施旨在加快中國的經濟增長。政府還采取措施開放壹些服務領域政府也正在繼續努力刺激國內需求,減少經濟對出口的依賴。然而,出口能源如:電子、石油、天然氣、棕櫚油和橡膠,仍然是輸出經濟的重要推動力。作為石油和天然氣的出口國,盡管國內汽油和柴油燃料成本的不斷上漲,再加上政府財政緊張,迫使吉隆坡開始減少政府補貼。政府也試圖減少其依賴國家石油生產。石油和天然氣供應在2011年大約占政府收入的35%。潔拉馬來西亞銀行(中央銀行)保持健康的外匯儲備,和良好的監管制度限制了馬來西亞金融風險和全球金融危機。